What is Osteomyelitis?
Osteomyelitis is a bone infection that can reach a bone through the bloodstream or by spreading from adjacent tissue. Osteomyelitis generally results when bacteria or fungi attack a bone.
In children, this infection mostly occurs in the long bones of the legs and arms while in adults, infections generally appear in the spine, hips, and feet.
This condition can happen rapidly or can take a long time to develop. In case if Osteomyelitis is not properly treated, it can cause a permanent damage to the bone.
What are the symptoms of Osteomyelitis?
In some cases, there is a possibility that osteomyelitis might not cause any signs and symptoms or can has leave signs that are quite difficult to differentiate from other problems.
However, in most of the cases, the very first symptom to come into view is pain at the infection site. Apart from it, some other common symptoms can include:
• Fever or chills
• Irritability or tiredness in children
• Pain at the infected area
• Swelling, warmth and redness over the infected area
What are causes behind Osteomyelitis?
There are a number of organisms, mostly Staphylococcus aureus, travel via the bloodstream and result in causing infection. The infection might occur in one body part and then spread to the bones through the blood stream.
Moreover, certain organisms that attack a serious injury, wound or deep cut can also be responsible for causing infections in nearby bones. Bacteria can also enter the body through a surgical site, for instance, the site of a hip replacement or bone fracture repair. In the event of bone breakage, bacteria may invade the bone, hence, causing osteomyelitis.
The bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus, mostly appear on the skin. Though these bacteria don’t always cause health issues, but they can attack at the immune system, which is generally weakened by disease and illness.
How is Osteomyelitis Diagnosed?
If you have any symptoms of a bone infection, your doctor can use a number of methods to diagnose your condition. Initially the doctor will conduct a physical check up to analyse swelling, pain, and discoloration. The doctor might also ask for some lab and diagnostic tests to verify the exact location and extent of the infection.
There are chances that the doctor will also perform a blood test to ensure for the organisms causing the infection. Some of the other tests to analyse bacteria are urine cultures, throat swabs, and stool analyses.
Apart from it, in some cases, the doctor may also go for a bone scan, to check the cellular and metabolic activity in your bones. In this scan, a certain type of radioactive substance is used to highlight the bone tissue. In case the bone scan doesn’t prove helpful, doctor can also order for an MRI scan.
Besides, a bone X-ray can be sufficient for your doctor to determine the exact treatment for you.
What are the various treatment options for Osteomyelitis?
There are various treatment options that your doctor can use to treat your osteomyelitis.
Antibiotics: In majority of cases, only antibiotics are required to treat the bone infection. The doctor may administer the antibiotics intravenously or directly into the veins (in those patients where the infection is severe). Patients might have to take the antibiotics for up to six weeks.
Surgery: In some cases of osteomyelitis, bone infections need surgery; even it is the most common treatment for this condition. In a surgery, the surgeon will take out the portions of bone that are infected and dead tissue and drain any pockets of pus or abscesses.
If prosthesis is mainly responsible for causing the osteomyelitis, doctors might remove and replace it with a new one along with any dead tissue near or surrounding the infected area.
Homeopathic treatment for Osteomyelitis:
Some of the most commonly used homeopathic remedies for Osteomyelitis:
Arnica: It is one of the best homeopathic remedies for treating bone Pain that causes an excessive soreness and lameness in body. In such cases, the body feels bruised.
Eupatorium Perfoliatum: Eupatorium Perfoliatum is a very effective homeopathic medicine for treating Osteomyelitis, in which fever is the most common symptom.
Mezereum: Mezereum is one of the ideal homeopathic remedy to treat Osteomyelitis. It is mainly used to treat Bone Pains, particularly the long bones, which become worsen at night. Moreover, the bones might also be swollen or inflamed.
Friends, as you all know very well that classical homeopathic medicines are prescribed only on the basis of TOTALITY OF SYMPTOMS with a clear cut identification of disease in patient and patient in disease also, even then we are providing here just a few homeopathic medicines for different types of medical problems in a short way.
But reader is advised very strongly to use the medicines only under medical supervision and these medicines should never ever consumed without proper consultation with your doctor or GP.
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