Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or OCD (OCN) is an anxiety disorder where the patient experiences intrusive irresistible thoughts (obsession) that produces anxiety, fear, uneasiness. Patient ends up doing repetitive behavior (compulsion). Patient may realize that their thoughts and actions are irrational and may become further distressed. It is also called Obsessive Compulsive Neurosis (OCN).
It is fourth most common mental disorder. OCD may affect children, adolescent as well as adults. One in 60 adults all over world has OCD.
- Hereditary – OCD in family. Genetic factors form major cause of OCD, which at times may not be clearly understood.
- Environmental factors – Abuse, illness, death of loved ones, etc
- Brain disease – Tissue changes in brain (temporal lobe lesions, low level of neurotransmitters) may cause OCD
- Personality factors – Person with Obsessive traits or lack of confidence may suffer from it.
Symptoms of OCD
|Obsession (thoughts)||Fear of dirt or contamination by germs|
|Fear of dirt or contamination by germs||Hand washing or bathing|
|Fear of thieves||Checking latches|
|Need for order, symmetry or exactness||Arranging and rearranging things|
|Fear of being embarrassed||No interaction with society|
|Fear of thinking evil or sinful thoughts||Continuous praying and preaching|
|Intrusive sexually explicit or violent thoughts and images||Excessive sexual activities|
|Excessive focus on religious or moral ideas||Praying and worshipping.|
Diagnosis of OCD
Generally such patients are brought to the psychiatrist by relatives. It is diagnosed on the basis of symptoms. There are also some assessment tools to diagnose OCD. These tools include questions and the answers by patients are given rating scales concluding the severity of disease.
Treatment of OCD
OCD can be treated with
- Conventional treatment
- Homeopathic treatment.
Conventional Treatment – Antidepressant, anti anxiety medicines, neurotransmitters, electroconvulsive therapy or even surgery may help patient. Surgery can have its own complication where as medications may have side effects on various organs in body.
Antidepressants – generally work by blocking emotional responses. Unlike homeopathic remedies, dependence builds up quickly, and once a course of antidepressants has begun, it is often a step down a long, slippery slope to dependency
Psychotherapy – Cognitive behavioral therapy, behavioral therapy, decentralization technique, meditations may help in a supportive role.
Homeopathic treatment for OCD:
Homeopathy works better in the early cases of OCD. In our experience, homeopathy does not work effectively in the chronic cases, especially who are dependent on the strong doses of conventional medicines.
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